kitty Brazelton writing music NYU, History of Music Humanities, Columbia hit the books

Listening Assignment - Baroque Ritornello Form

  1. Kerman covers three different pieces which use ritornello form in Listen Ch. 10 on "Baroque Instrumental Forms." Find the pieces in the reading.

  2. Define ritornello form for yourself: what is the appeal of the form? Why were these used in the opening movements of one of the grandest instrumental genres ever invented (name the genre and describe the reasons for its grandeur)?

  3. Without looking at the listening charts which Kerman has put together for you, construct your own chart of the form which includes some sort of differentiating description (can be diagram or code as long as you can decipher it and be prepared to talk about it). Do this for all 3 pieces. Then check yourself against Kerman's charts.

  4. Can you tell when there is modulation in any of the pieces? Is there any sort of pattern to modulation's occurrence and the degree to which it occurs?

  5. Fugue and variation form are also covered in this chapter. In your opinion, are there psychological or listener-perceptual similarities between these forms? What are the psychological differences? What musical factors cause either of these?